Tachi Yokut

Short History of California Indians

As told by Historian Raymond "Koodie" Jeff

As Carole Goldberg, UCLA Law Professor, encouraged, California has a tragic history of hostility toward its Native Peoples, including unrestrained, vigilante groups that hunted Native men, women and children like game animals during the first decades of statehood killing thousands. The state’s first governor, John McDougal, famously declared, “A war of extermination will continue to we waged between the races until the Indian races become extinct.

Raymond “Koodie” Jeff, Santa Rosa Rancheria Tribal Historian, recognized that our children are aware of other racial genocides and that our state education system exposes our children to such as the historical genocide of the Jewish race, yet limits our children’s exposure to our own history. As Tribal Historian, Mr. Jeff shares the following historic information, to inform our youth of the State’s contribution to our history.

In 1852 when our 18 treaties were not ratified the U.S. turned its head the other way, and let the State of California handle the Indian population. On August 13, 1853, the Governor of the State of California declared extermination of all Indians in the State of California. So for over 50 years our genocide lasted.

The timeline for the extermination of California Indians is as follows: